As indicated in the Implementation Plan of EMME Project, the risk module will consist of two Work Packages: Seismic Risk Assessment (WP4), and Deterministic City Scenarios (WP5). The process will be performed by means of either deterministic risk scenarios for specific large earthquakes depending on the models developed in hazard module or probabilistic approach based on the same models and synthetic earthquake catalogues developed in hazards module. The seismic risk will be regionally evaluated in WP4, while it will be rigorously computed for selected cities in WP5.
The objective of earthquake risk assessment and loss estimation studies is to assess the natural hazard and consequent risk due to the earthquake quantitatively. The output of these studies shall be used as a planning tool to execute management and mitigation policies of seismic disasters and damages within an area of interest.
- On the other hand the compilation of the inventories of the elements at risk forms one of the major components of seismic risk assessment, data under consideration will be obtained using existing databases and/or existing databases will be updated depending on the quality and quantity of the available data. Again the decisions concerning the determination of type of methodology and data to be used in the project will be taken under the guidance of the regional experts. The elements at risk consist of the building stock, population, and infrastructure.